ERIC Number: ED287776
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Changing Predictors of Map Use in Wayfinding.
Scholnick, Ellin Kofsky; And Others
Using a map for guiding travel requires: (1) skills in encoding information from a terrain and a map; (2) finding a match between the two; and (3) maintaining the match despite directional shifts from turns on a route. In order to test this analysis, 94 children between the ages of 4 and 6 used maps to locate the route to a goal through a network of paths with blind alleys. Two tasks were used as predictors of skill in map use. Laurendeau and Pinard's test of the localization of topological positions (LOTOP) supplied measures of memory encoding, correspondence, and rotation. The child copied an examiner's placements on a board when the boards were aligned or one was rotated 180 degrees. Placements were near landmarks or in an open field. The landmarks were then removed and the child had to recall their location (encoding). On the mental rotation test (MR), the child chose a rotated letter-like form to match a standard. Younger children's map errors were predicted by mental rotation skill (MR and LOTOP rotated board scores) and landmark placements. Older children's map errors were predicted by recall of landmark positions (memory encoding). (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society of Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April, 1987).