ERIC Number: ED287773
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jun-18
Reference Count: N/A
The Citizenship Development Framework: A Six Stage Socio/Cultural Theory.
Dynneson, Thomas L.; Gross, Richard E.
In order to understand the mechanisms of citizenship in the United States, people are required to study the interactions of ideology, education, and cultural pluralism as they are manifested in educational programs and in the processes of child development. The Citizenship Development Framework (CDF), a product of the Citizenship Development Study Project, was designed as a research theory that can serve as a guide for planning scientific inquiry into the socio/cultural influences that contribute to the development of an individual's citizenship behaviors. According to this theory, there are six stages of citizenship development in which social relationships contribute to the formation of the individual's perspective of his overall relationship with community and society. The six stages of development are: (1) birth to 3 years--infant dependency and maternal shaping; (2) 4 to 5 years--family citizenship and expanding kinship influences; (3) 5 to 9 years--the initiation of nonbiological dependencies; (4) 10 to 12 years--the development of social categories and group membership behaviors; (5) 13 to 15 years--horizontal social relationships within and between groups; (6) 16 years to adulthood--a search for accommodation and adult identity. Each of the stages is examined from the perspectives of: (1) primary characteristics; (2) critical relationships; (3) the nature of citizenship formation; (4) the extent of influence; (5) citizenship development; and (6) investigatory questions. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A