ERIC Number: ED287765
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Craft-Artists in the United States: A Portrait.
Citro, Constance F.
While interest in crafts has grown in recent years, relatively few persons earn all or part of their livelihood from craft production. A craft artist profile was constructed using the: (1) 1980 Survey of Members of Craft Organizations; (2) 1980 Survey of Subscribers; (3) 1980 Survey of Sellers and Exhibitors; (4) 1979 Ethnographic Studies of Folk-Artists; and (5) 1982 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. Craft organization members have a different demographic and socioeconomic profile from the general adult population. Fifty-five percent work on a vocational basis, while 45 percent pursue crafts as leisure activities. Generally, craft-artists who subscribe to craft publications that are not published by craft membership organizations plan to take more craft training and desire to learn business skills. Profit-oriented craftsmen are concerned about their lack of craft knowledge, markets, and personal recognition. Leisure time concerns of craft-artists include pressures from non-craft obligations, lack of training, and material costs. In order to understand both folk and avant-garde craft-artists, their work must be studied within the contexts of cultural heritage, time periods, and ethnic backgrounds. Figures are included. Appendices include the 1980 Survey of Members of Craft Organizations' questionnaire and selected quotations from vocational and leisure folk artists. (JHP)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A