ERIC Number: ED287684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Learning in the Environment: Elementary Students. ERIC/SMEAC Environmental Education Digest No. 2, 1987.
Disinger, John F.
This digest addresses cognitive learning with respect to outside-the-classroom instruction at the elementary school level. It notes that affective, not cognitive, learning has traditionally been the primary objective of field instruction at all K-12 levels. Therefore, most educational research in field instruction has been mainly non-cognitive in nature. This document provides a summary of selected research that has had a connection with the cognitive gains possible in outside-the-classroom instruction, citing studies done in school situations, as well as in museums, zoos, and other novel settings. None of the studies reported in this document have made claims that out-of-classroom learning experiences are sufficient in themselves to produce significant cognitive gains with elementary students. However, there is evidence to suggest that in-the-environment instruction is useful in promoting and achieving cognition gains when effectively planned and managed. Several suggestions for further research into this area are made. (TW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Affective Objectives, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Measurement, Concept Formation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Environmental Education, Field Instruction, Museums, Outdoor Education, Science Education, Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Zoos
SMEAC Information Reference Center, The Ohio State University, 1200 Chambers Rd., 3rd Floor, Columbus, OH 43212 ($1.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Science, Mathematics, and Environmental Education, Columbus, OH.