ERIC Number: ED287458
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr-23
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Computer Use on Children's Learning: What Research Has Shown and What It Has Not.
Becker, Henry Jay
This examination of the research on computer-based instruction for the major academic subjects in the elementary and secondary grades considers three varieties of empirical data--surveys of computer-using teachers, school district program evaluations, and experimental field studies. A discussion of the findings of two national surveys of computer-using educators conducted in 1983 and 1985 is followed by a review of research on the effectiveness of computer-assisted instruction. The methodologies used and the major conclusions reached by reviews and meta-analyses of research conducted since the mid-1960s are then discussed, followed by a review of more recent studies of the impact of computer-based approaches on children's learning. A best-evidence synthesis approach is used to provide an overview of the type of research being done and individual studies are discussed in two categories--those using randomized assignment of classes to treatment groups, and those using comparison groups but without randomized assignment. The implications of these studies for further research in this area are then considered, and a model for field experiments is proposed. The results of the 1985 national survey of computer-using educators are presented in 28 figures and tables, including a capsule summary. (MES)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-24, 1987).