ERIC Number: ED287278
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Handicapped Applicants to College: An Analysis of Admissions Decisions: College Board Report No. 87-1.
Willingham, Warren W.
The purpose of the study was to compare college admission decisions concerning handicapped and nonhandicapped applicants with comparable Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores and high school grades (HSG). The study focused on 1,539 handicapped students who applied to 121 institutions that participated in the College Entrance Examination Board's Summary Reporting Service in 1982-83. Predicted and actual admission rates were compared for a number of different groups of handicapped applicants. Compared to other applicants to the same college, the physically handicapped and visually impaired groups were slightly below average with respect to their academic qualifications; learning disabled students were lower; and hearing impaired applicants ranked lowest in relation to nonhandicapped applicants. In general, handicapped applicants tended to rank significantly lower on HSG than on SAT. Handicapped applicants were admitted on much the same basis as nonhandicapped applicants, but there were exceptions that favored hearing impaired applicants, disfavored small groups of visually impaired and physically handicapped applicants to small institutions, and disfavored learning disabled applicants to a small degree. Findings were inconsistent with the assumption that admissions officers focus special attention upon test scores (as opposed to the full student record) in evaluating the applications of handicapped students. Six figures and 11 tables are included. (Author/JW)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Access to Education, Admission Criteria, Admissions Officers, Aptitude Tests, College Applicants, College Entrance Examinations, Decision Making, Disabilities, Higher Education, Selective Admission
College Board Publications, Box 886, New York, NY 10101 ($6.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.