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ERIC Number: ED287266
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Direction of Effects in Child Socialization with Particular Reference to Conduct Disorders: An Overview.
Lytton, Hugh
The paper reviews research on parental effects on the child, child effects on the parent, and reciprocal effects for the child's characteristics in general and for conduct disorder in particular. Evidence is cited which suggests validity of both the adult-to-child and child-to-adult effects model. Addressing the question of where the preponderant influence begins in the reciprocal model, studies are cited which demonstrate that parental influence predominates in the area of moral development and compliance, while the child's attachment behavior exerts a preponderant influence on immediate parental reactions. Socialization is affected most by the child's characteristics. With reference to conduct disorders, research suggests that the child's acting out behavior evokes "upper limit control" responses from the parent. A study demonstrated that mothers of conduct disordered children did not differ significantly from mothers of normal children behaviors, but all mothers addressed more negative responses and requests to conduct disorder children. Findings of all studies taken together suggest that the child's own tendencies are stronger contributors to conduct disorder than are parental influences. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 23-26, 1987).