ERIC Number: ED287230
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Concept, Social Skills, and Teacher Ratings of Behavior as Predictors of Depression in Learning Disabled Children.
Spoto, Philip M.; And Others
The role of depression as related to symptoms of social behavior, teacher ratings of behavior and intellectual ability was examined for 58 children (7-14 years old) with learning disabilities. Subjects were administered the Children's Depression Inventory, and those (N=16) scoring one standard deviation below the mean were designated nondepressed, while those (N=12) scoring one standard deviation above the mean were designated depressed. Additional instruments used were the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale and the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters. A stepwise discriminant analysis revealed that the following 11 variables combined to yield significant discrimination between groups: age; anxiety, happiness/satisfaction, and intellectual/school status clusters; impulsive/recalcitrant, appropriate social skills, jealousy/withdrawal, and inappropriate assertiveness factors; and immaturity and disturbed peer relations and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised Performance IQ. Findings supported the use of self-report measures of depression and social skills to identify behavior problems and underlined the importance of considering the possibility that depression contributes to or produces academic underachievement. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Southwestern Psychological Association (33rd, New Orleans, LA, April 16-18, 1987).