ERIC Number: ED287134
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Values and Their Impact on Academic Achievement.
Inglehart, Marita Rosch; Brown, Donald R.
Gender differences in academic achievement of students in the medical school at the University of Michigan were investigated in this study. Observed achievement differences were attributed to gender differences in values which influence student motivation. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) that men place more importance on mastery-related issues, while women have stronger person-related and social values; (2) that men will do better in purely knowledge-based achievement tests, and that women will do better in person-related tasks such as clinical performance; and (3) that women's achievement should be predicted better by taking person-related values into account, while men's achievement should be predicted better by using mastery-related values as predictors. Data from 885 male and 271 female medical students of the entering classes of 1976 through 1981 were analyzed. The results supported all three hypotheses. Findings can be interpreted as clear evidence of the importance of affective factors, especially values, in explaining gender differences in academic achievement. One's achievement reflects the fit between the person's cognitive and affective make-up and the demands of the environment. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology (10th, San Francisco, CA, July 4-7, 1987).