ERIC Number: ED287111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of Empirical Correlates to Self-Actualization and Their Relationship to Biblical Concepts of Optimal Human Functioning.
Cox, John L.
A parallel was recognized between a biblical view of optimal human functioning and five correlates to self-actualization (moral development, positive attitude toward death, positive interpersonal relationships, low level of anxiety, religious participation). A review of the relevant empirical literature yielded mixed conclusions. The studies which examined moral development offered little evidence of a relationship between self-actualization and moral behavior. Studies reviewed on fear of death suggested a significant correlation between a positive attitude toward death and self-actualization. While a positive relationship with others was found to be significantly related to self-actualization, there were only two studies available which addressed the issue, thereby limiting the confidence which can be placed in the results. Mixed results were found in the studies examining self-actualization and anxiety with findings supporting either the value of anxiety in personal development or its incompatability with actualization. Finally, studies examining the relationship between religious participation and self-actualization found that college students who attended church infrequently tended to have higher levels of self-actualization. Future research might take concepts known to be biblical and address their relationship to self-actualization. (NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Doctoral Research Paper, Biola University.