ERIC Number: ED287106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Interpersonal Factors and Violence.
Physical aggression among psychiatric inpatients is a concern to those responsible for their clinical management. Three models have been used to explain the occurrence of physical aggression among these patients. The Personological model emphasizes the role of dispositional variables; the Social-Environmental model stresses the importance of the physical environment and the social organization; and the Interpersonal model focuses on the nature and quality of the patient-staff interaction. A study was conducted to identify the key interactional factors, identified by staff members of a large state mental hosipital, that contribute to or effectively prevent physical aggression. Skilled nursing staff members, selected by their supervisors, were interviewed about interactions and communication in two cases of potential violence between patients and staff, one in which violence occurred and the other in which violence was prevented. The interview data indicate the importance of interpersonal factors in the incidence of aggressive behavior among psychiatric inpatients and suggest that the application of communication skills in a supportive context, organized on the basis of mutual respect and the assumption of patient competence is a major deterrent to violence in psychiatric hospitals. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (33rd, Atlanta, GA, March 25-28, 1987).