ERIC Number: ED287008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Advocacy: New Role for Adult Educators.
Oaklief, Charles R.
Various terms have been used to describe adult educators, including change agents, facilitators, helpers, leaders, and most typically, teachers. Although advocacy is defined by Webster as the act of pleading the cause of another, or in defending a particular proposal or future, it is obviously a term that can be used to champion the cause of human and societal development through adult education programs and organizations. In advocacy for the adult as learner, the emphasis is on the act of promoting constructive behavioral changes in adults that enhance the affective dimension of the adult as a learner and encourage a greater degree of personal autonomy and direction over subsequent learning and development behavior and experiences. Successful advocacy results in the ability to reach previously unattainable learning and development objectives and the ability to recycle existing and newly acquired knowledge and skills in new areas of application beyond those originally perceived and commonly used. A typology of advocacy for empowerment of the adult as learner includes Type One--Personal Advocacy (a one-on-one relationship in which the advocate provides guidance, counseling, or facilitative behavior with one or more adults); Type Two--Direct Advocacy (in which advocates not having the proximity of personal contact are aware of and identify with individuals or groups of adults as learners from their professional or societal positions); and Type Three--Indirect Advocacy (in which the advocate is not identified as such and has no relationship with individuals or groups of adults as learners who ultimately benefit from the empowerment process). (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education (Washington, DC, October 1987).