ERIC Number: ED286861
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Classroom Task Environments and Students' Task-Related Beliefs. Research Series No. 184.
Anderson, Linda M.; And Others
Students must learn to respond to the task demands imposed by their teachers, and their ability to do so is influenced by certain task related beliefs. The study described the nature of classroom task environments and their relationship to students' task-related beliefs. Students in 19 third- and fourth-grade classrooms completed questionnaires about self-competence, sense of control over outcomes, and intrinsic value of school tasks. These scores were used to identify classrooms where students held more or less desirable patterns of beliefs, and then qualitative descriptions of these classrooms were examined. Two dimensions of teachers' practices were associated with more desirable patterns of student beliefs. These were the extent to which teachers structured information about the environment to render it predictable and comprehensible and the frequency of opportunities for students to regulate their own task activity. Results are discussed in terms of the importance of beliefs about environmental contingencies as foundational to other important beliefs. Case descriptions of two teachers are presented to illustrate these results. (Author)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Elementary Education, Student Attitudes, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods, Teaching Styles
Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824-1034 ($3.25).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.