ERIC Number: ED286846
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr-17
Reference Count: N/A
Sport Participants' Achievement Goal Orientations and Projected Reasons for Discontinuing Sport Participation.
Pemberton, Cynthia; And Others
This study sought to determine the multivariate relationship between sport participants' achievement goal orientations and projected reasons for dropping out of sport. Four hundred and sixty athletes, aged 13-18, who attended the University of Illinois Sport Camps completed the Achievement Orientation Questionnaire and a series of 14 questions related to reasons for dropping out of sport. Five achievement goal orientation scores (social approval, sport mastery, sport venture, cognitive ability, and sport competence) were calculated for each subject and used as predictor variables; the reasons for dropping out were used as criterion variables. The five achievement goal orientations were found to be significant predictors for three of the hypothetical reasons for discontinuing sport participation. Results suggest that, for students who value sport mastery, motivation to achieve is essential for continuing sport participation. Future research with the Achievement Orientation Questionnaire should include other approaches, such as longitudinal studies. (CB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Convention of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Las Vegas, NV, April 13-17, 1987).