ERIC Number: ED286436
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Disciplines and Undergraduate Lecturing.
Thielens, Wagner, Jr.
Characteristics of disciplines that affect undergraduate lecturing and teaching approaches were studied in the fields of the physical sciences, life sciences, humanities, and social sciences. A 1981 questionnaire on the lecture method of instruction was completed by a random sample of 820 teachers in the undergraduate liberal arts divisions of U.S. universities. A subsample of 81 teachers provided open-ended interviews. In teaching undergraduate classroom course sessions, 80% of the 820 had lectured throughout all or most of the class period. The available original disciplinary knowledge about course topics was voluminous, complexly articulated, and advanced in nature. Instructors needed to make a stringent selection from the oversupply of raw materials, needed to create teachable organizations of disciplinary topics, and needed to make the material understandable. For the physical and life sciences, lecturing worked best, while in literature, discussion techniques were favored, and in social sciences a mixed mode was used. Also assessed was the role of class size and teachers' early predispositions as factors mediating the impact of disciplinary attributes on the classroom. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-24, 1987).