ERIC Number: ED286335
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Methodology and Outcomes of Research on Modifying Attitudes Toward Persons with Disabilities: A Comprehensive, Systematic Review.
Shaver, James P.; And Others
Meta-analysis was used to conduct an integrative review of the research on modifying attitudes toward persons with disabilities. Prior reviews, using small samples and lacking systematic data collection and analysis, were unable to draw firm conclusions about the effectiveness of attitude modification techniques. In the hope of correcting these deficiencies, an exhaustive search of all English-language research reports in the United States and Canada was undertaken that identified 667 potentially relevant items. Screening for relevance and adequacy of information reduced the accessible population for the integrative review to 273 reports describing a total of 644 treatment groups. A coding instrument containing some 162 categories was used . Data analysis is detailed for the following: inter-rater reliability, global quality indicators, specific validity threats, measurement concerns, study populations and samples, replications, qualification of results, treatment outcomes, comparison of experimental treatments, treatment variability, and concomitant variables. The major conclusion was that clear-cut indications of the overall efficiency of techniques for modifying attitudes toward disabled persons or of reliable differences in efficacy were not found. (DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-24, 1987). Table 1 contains marginally legible print.