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ERIC Number: ED286212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Child to Parent Disclosure, General-Disclosiveness, and Loneliness.
Forst, Edmund, Jr.; Wheeless, Lawrence R.
Noting that because parents are generally the most important influences in a child's developmental process, and that some studies have suggested that self-concept is related to loneliness, a study focused on the understanding of loneliness in child-parent interactions. It was hypothesized: (1) that individual dimensions of self-disclosure and disclosiveness are negatively related to loneliness; and (2) that linear composites of self-disclosure factors and general disclosiveness are negatively related to loneliness. Respondents, 595 students in basic communications courses at an eastern university, completed questionnaires concerning self-disclosure, general disclosiveness, and loneliness. Half the questionnaires asked students to report self-disclosure to the mother or female guardian, the other half to the father or male guardian. Results indicated that all self-disclosure and disclosiveness factors were negatively related to loneliness. Stepwise regression showed that positive disclosiveness, honesty of disclosiveness, depth of disclosure, and amount of disclosure were uniquely related to loneliness scores. A series of multiple regressions revealed nonlinear trends for depth of self-disclosure and depth of disclosiveness in relationship to loneliness. More loneliness was significant and negatively related to the child's self-disclosure. In child-parent combinations, son-father, daughter-father, and daughter-mother disclosure relationships were all significantly different in loneliness scores. (Four pages of references and three tables are included.) (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (72nd, Chicago, IL, November 13-16, 1986).