ERIC Number: ED286134
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: 0
A Preliminary Analysis of the Effects of Individual Difference Characteristics and Knowledge of Results on Perceptions of Leader Behavior.
Russell, Joyce E. A.; And Others
While past research has documented the independent effects of individual difference characteristics and contextual information on perceptions of leadership, it has not investigated the simultaneous effects. This study explored the interactive effects of these factors under the hypothesis that dispositional characteristics should be more strongly related to perceptions of leadership when performance information is unavailable than when it is available (i.e., a hypothesized diminution of individual difference effects with salient contextual information). College students (N=80) were randomly assigned to one of eight cells in a 2x2x2 design manipulating the level of exhibited leader behavior, the availability of post-observational performance information, and the type of ratings desired. Subjects viewed one of two 15-minute videotapes demonstrating two varieties of leader behavior, and provided information on their own gender, age, locus of control, task/person orientation, leniency response bias, and confidence in rating the leader's behavior. In addition, bogus performance information was given to half the subjects within each behavior condition. Analyses of reported perceptions of observed leader behavior offered partial support for the diminution effect, as well as some evidence of individuals discounting contextual information. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (33rd, Atlanta, GA, March 25-28, 1987).