ERIC Number: ED286029
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Relationship between Self-Estimates of Vocational Interests and Inventory Scores.
Athanasou, James A.; Cooksey, Ray W.
Self-estimates of vocational interests have been the subject of research since 1941, but there has not been a previous review or meta-analysis. Thirty-three articles relating to self-evaluation of vocational interests were located through manual and computer searches of the psychological literature. The median values of 24 rank correlations derived from 11 idiographic studies ranged from 0.12 to 0.77. There was considerable variation in the individual's ability to estimate his/her own interests. Nomothetic studies using univariate statistics other than the product-moment correlation were considered as a discrete group. A meta-analysis procedure was used with 13 separate nomothetic studies (N= 3336) reporting 309 product-moment correlations. Correlations ranged from -0.05 to 0.89 with a mean of 0.48, and around 99 percent were positive. Based on the Schmidt-Hunter formulas, 13.1 of the observed variance was accounted for by reference to the expected variance. It was concluded that there were true differences in effect sizes across studies. Results indicated significant differences in the correlations depending on which inventory was used, but they did not support any proposed influence of vocational interest areas. (Author)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Career Development, Career Guidance, Foreign Countries, Occupational Aspiration, Occupational Tests, Postsecondary Education, Research Methodology, Scores, Secondary Education, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Vocational Education, Vocational Evaluation, Vocational Interests
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Australian Psychological Society (22nd, Canberra, Australia, August 1986).