ERIC Number: ED285946
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
School Segregation in the 1980's: Trends in the United States and Metropolitan Areas. A Report by the National School Desegregation Project.
Orfield, Gary; And Others
The segregation of blacks in American public schools has changed little since 1972. During the same period of time there has been a constant growth in the segregation of Hispanics in schools. No branch of the Federal Government has taken any policy initiatives toward desegregation since 1971. This report presents information concerning the status of minority enrollment in schools by state and by metropolitan area. The major findings are the following: (1) states with the greatest integration of blacks typically have extensive court orders requiring busing; (2) states in which blacks are most segregated have fragmented school districts within large metropolitan areas and no city-suburban desegregation plan; (3) a few states experienced a modest reduction in segregation due to state government monitoring of desegregation; (4) the northeastern United States is the most segregated region; and (5) in locations where Hispanic populations are concentrated there are no widely implemented desegregation plans. Little data are available for the rapidly growing Asian population, but national statistics show that Asian students are typically attending well integrated schools with white majorities. Further examination of the accomplishments and the challenges of school desegregation is needed at the national level of policy making. (VM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: Joint Center for Political Studies, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A