ERIC Number: ED285752
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-May
Reference Count: N/A
Women: Their Underrepresentation and Career Differentials in Science and Engineering. Proceedings of a Workshop (Washington, D.C., October 9, 1986).
Dix, Linda S., Ed.
Women have been markedly underrepresented in science and engineering in the United States. Statistical reports have documented this underrepresentation which persists despite the fact that women and minorities are an increasingly important source of talent for maintaining world leadership in these areas. This document reports on a workshop designed to explore what is known about the causes of the observed underrepresentation and differential participation of women at all educational levels and in various careers. Four commissioned papers covered critical parts of the educational system. These include papers on: (1) equitable science and mathematics education; (2) women in undergraduate engineering and science programs; (3) literature review and synthesis concerning women graduate students; and (4) current research on persistence and change in the careers of men and women scientists and engineers. In general, it was found that many students, teachers, parents, and researchers imagine that the fields of science, engineering, and mathematics are masculine and that differences in scientific ability may be attributed to gender differences. Specific findings include: lack of adequate preparation for women entering quantitatively oriented programs or careers; fewer sources of financial aid and diminished self-confidence on the part of women in higher level science courses; and employer unwillingness to accommodate women scientist's child-raising responsibilities and needs. Critical discussions of the papers are also included. The appendices include a copy of the workshop agenda and a list of the attendees. (TW)
Descriptors: College Science, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Engineering Education, Engineers, Females, Higher Education, Science and Society, Science Curriculum, Science Instruction, Scientists, Secondary School Science, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Financial Aid
National Academy Press, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418 (free).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers; Policymakers
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.