ERIC Number: ED285735
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Model of Functional Knowledge and Insight.
Greeno, James G.; Berger, Daniel
In this study a distinction is made between routine, semiroutine, and nonroutine problems based on the problem solver's knowledge. Routine problems are solved by applying a known procedure, semiroutine problems require planning that uses functional knowledge, and nonroutine problems require generation of new functional knowledge. Nonroutine problem solving has been simulated in which functional knowledge is derived from properties of objects that are available in the situation. In an experiment, knowledge was provided about functional relations of components of a device; this facilitated inference of operating procedures, in contrast to knowledge about the status of the individual components, which was ineffective. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Personnel and Training Branch.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley.
Note: A paper based on these results was presented at the Psychonomic Society Meeting (New Orleans, LA, November 1986). For related documents, see SE 048 324-327.