ERIC Number: ED285678
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Relations among Prosocial Behaviors in Toddlers.
Bergin, Christi A. C.
Nine individual prosocial child behaviors of 2-year-olds were obtained from mothers and caretakers. These behaviors were combined into a fourfold scheme which was then used to assess child prosocial behavior outside a laboratory setting. In addition, the two dispositional attributes of sociability and happiness were assessed. Observations of 28 toddlers, ages 20 to 31 months, were made over a six-week period in both the home and in a play group setting. Data on child behavior were also obtained through questionnaires completed by mothers. When results were compared with studies of four- and five-year-olds, it was concluded that children may become less prosocial with age. There was also sufficient interrelatedness among the specific behaviors that it may be possible to view prosocial behavior as a coherent construct. Data also showed that obedience to adult requests stood empirically apart from other prosocial behaviors, suggesting that prosocial behavior involving adults may be qualitatively different from that involving peers. Finally, empathy also stood empirically apart from the other prosocial behaviors, suggesting that it may not be a critical component of, or precursor to, the display of prosocial behavior. (PCB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 23-26, 1987).