ERIC Number: ED285573
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Speculations on a Definition of Independent Study.
Moore, Michael G.
The conceptual view of independent study that is developed in this paper is based on discussions of four key ideas: (1) independent study is concerned with both learning and teaching; (2) independent study is concerned with the capacity of learners to be self-directing; (3) independent study systems are both internal and external to educational establishments; and (4) whether internal or external, independent study systems learners and teachers carry out their tasks separately from one another. Considered within this framework are aspects of learning processes, learner autonomy, the teaching-learning relationship, and distance education. It is concluded that the independent learner is independent of direction by others as well as the time-space bondage made necessary by traditional teaching, and two suggestions are made: when it is necessary to conduct programs of a contiguous kind, instructors must be at pains to foster and not infringe upon the learner's autonomy, and distance systems are preferable to settings of a contiguous kind for learners able to cope independently. Four references are listed. (MES)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Kellogg Invitational Conference (2nd, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 10-12, 1973).