ERIC Number: ED285429
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The University as an Investment Strategy: Social Structuring or Managing Mobility?
Shaughnessy, Michael F.
The relationship between education, social class, and upward mobility is examined, along with mechanisms inherent in keeping the status quo in education. The relationship between the student and the university is also explored. Although college is often seen as a mechanism of upward mobility, particularly among the poor and minorities, colleges may serve to solidify social classes and social stratification. The process begins when schools assess students with group achievement tests, and place students in tracks (e.g., vocational, academic) and homogeneous groupings (e.g., educable mentally retarded). Attempts to offset culturally biased mechanisms in education include alternatives to traditional tests, such as the System of Multicultural Pluralistic Assessment. Typically, the lower social classes are seen to lack certain skills, such as auditory learning abilities, which are important to college level work. Lower socioeconomic classes lack the extensive vocabulary needed for success in the heavily verbally oriented college entrance examinations. Typically, in many lower class schools, the emphasis is on objective, rote learning, which does not prepare lower-class students for writing in college. Other barriers faced by the poor are identified. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the conference "Higher Education and the Citizenry: Reciprocal Responsibilities" sponsored by the Association for General and Liberal Studies and the Association for Integrative Studies (San Francisco, CA, October 25-27, 1984).