ERIC Number: ED285345
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Feb-28
Reference Count: N/A
The Modification of Attitudes Toward Persons with Handicaps: A Comprehensive Integrative Review of Research. Final Report.
Shaver, James P.; And Others
This final report analyzes results of a comprehensive, integrative review of 273 primary research studies on modifying attitudes toward disabled persons. Attitude modification approaches identified included providing information, direct contact with disabled persons, vicarious experiences related to having a disability, systematic desensitization, positive reinforcement, and combinations of these approaches. The primary analytic focus was on mean effect sizes: 644 effect sizes, obtained from 200 reports, constituted the main data set. Outcomes were not related to three basic indicators of study quality (general treatment validity, general internal validity, and adequacy of test validity). Methodological quality was not high, treatment effects were moderate and heterogeneous, and treatment techniques were heterogeneous in characteristics and outcomes. The studies differed on such characteristics as type of comparison, time of posttest, and type of dependent measure. Alternative and supplementary data explorations did not produce results markedly different from the analyses of individual effect sizes. Among the areas of needed improvement in research methodology are definition of the construct of "attitude toward persons with disabilities," selection of assessment techniques that yield reliable and valid scores, attention to treatment validity (including more careful reporting of procedures and design elements), and the development of programmatic, replication-oriented research. (Author/JW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Utah State Univ., Logan. Bureau of Educational Research.
Note: Research in Education of the Handicapped Program.