ERIC Number: ED285109
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Type A Behaviors, Hostility, Anger and Exercise Adherence.
Goffaux, Jacqueline; And Others
A study was conducted to examine the relationship between the components of the Type A behavior pattern and the maintenance of exercise participation in a 5-month physical fitness program. Metropolitan Government employees (N=200) volunteered to participate in a pilot health promotion program. Physical fitness activities (supervised walking, jogging, aerobic dancing) were open to all participants and were conducted on shared work and personal time. Other wellness activities were reserved for those most at risk. Type A behavior, intention to exercise regularly, expected support, cardiovascular fitness, body composition, and percentage of body fat were measured. The results revealed that control variables (smoking, body fat, blue-collar occupation, fitness ratings, intentions to exercise, support for exercising) contributed to a smaller part of the predicted variance than did Type A variables. Monitoring the exercise activity was the single strongest adherence predictor. Scoring high on both anger expression and hostility was the strongest Type A behavior pattern predictor. After controlling for compliance mediated effects, the interaction of high scores in time pressure, hostility, and anger still tended to predict low cardiovascular benefits. These findings suggest the importance of psychosocial variables in exercise maintenance. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (8th, Washington, DC, March 19-22, 1987).