ERIC Number: ED285096
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Metaphor as a Tool for Counselors.
Towers, David A.; And Others
Metaphor has recently become a topic of considerable interest and empirical investigation. Cognitive theories view metaphor as an aid to cognitive restructuring. Beyond the heuristic and theoretical concepts, the results of empirical research have suggested that metaphor is a potentially valuable tool for enhancing client involvement in counseling and facilitating adaptive change. A study was conducted which attempted to refine operational definitions for use by raters viewing tapes of counseling interviews. A pretest-posttest group design was used in which training in the use of metaphors was the independent variable and the dependent variable was the number and duration of the metaphors and cliches established during the counseling session. Graduate students (N=11) served as interviewer-subjects; undergraduates (N=22) served as client-subjects. The results revealed that interrater reliability occurred as a result of the use of the definition developed for metaphor. Those interviewers who were trained in the use of metaphor began to use it following their training, whereas prior to training they had not used it at all. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Association for Counseling and Development (New Orleans, LA, April 21-25, 1987).