ERIC Number: ED285077
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr-24
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Graduate Training on Counseling Students' Perceptions of Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study.
Neubauer, Nancy A.; Rounds, James B., Jr.
The structure and salience of disability perceptions among rehabilitation counseling students were investigated with a longitudinal design. A questionnaire was developed in which students (N=14) were asked to judge the similarity of all pairs of 12 disabilities and to rate each of the disabilities on 14 attribute scales. Students were assessed at four time-points: prior to admission, at the end of the first and second years of study, and one year following completion of a 2-year master's degree program. Three-way multidimensional scaling of disability proximity data indicated that the structure of disability perceptions remained relatively stable during graduate training, but changed dramatically in the year following graduation, during which time counselors were employed in the rehabilitation field. Two dimensions labeled severity and responsibility were found to be similar to dimensions from cross-sectional research. A normality dimension previously identified in cross-sectional research was not found in the present study. Results imply that while disability perceptions are highly resistant to change, there is reason to believe that the salience of the dimensions organizing perceptions of disabilities can be altered by graduate training. Future research might examine disability perception of counselors engaged in ongoing training in comparison with disability perceptions of counselors not pursuing further training. (The appendix includes attribute scales and data tables.) (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-24, 1987).