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ERIC Number: ED285069
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov-6
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Teacher and Parental Involvement in the Treatment of a Preschool Antisocial Child.
Coalson, Freda; Chu, Lily
When children experience serious problems with peer relationships there is increasing evidence that these children are at risk for a variety of adjustment problems later in life. This study utilized a variety of interventions to decrease negative behaviors in an active 4-year-old in a preschool setting referred by his teacher for noncompliant, aggressive, and socially inappropriate behaviors. The subject's negative behaviors were counted in observations lasting one hour per day, 5 days a week for approximately 5 weeks. After establishing a baseline of positive and negative behaviors, three interventions were attempted. The first intervention was extinction and shaping. Extinction was used to reduce negative behaviors. Teachers were encouraged to develop a high tolerance for minor negative behaviors. Shaping with positive reinforcement was used to increase positive behaviors. Teachers watched for positive behaviors and rewarded the subject immediately with social reinforcers. The second intervention added coaching to extinction and shaping in which discussion of negative behaviors was used. The third intervention added parental involvement. Results showed the techniques of extinction and shaping to be effective in reducing the subject's negative behaviors from an average of 16 per hour to 9.7 per hour. Coaching did not improve the outcome and there was not adequate time to access the effect of parental involvement. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Rocky Mountain Educational Research Association Conference (Albuquerque, NM, November 5-7, 1986).