ERIC Number: ED284942
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Despite Gains of 1960's and 1970's Blacks' Progress Lags behind Whites'.
Point of View, v2 n1-2 p10-12 Spr-Sum 1985
Although the old social order of racial segregation has collapsed, much remains to be done to reach full equality of the races. This article analyzes economic trends since World War II to compare the standing of black and white Americans. The findings on five basic questions of equality are as follows: (1) there are more blacks in higher level jobs today, but whites still are more likely to get these well paying and prestigious jobs; (2) the median income of black families rose slightly in the early 1970s, but by 1981 had dropped so that blacks earned only 57% of white income; (3) the poverty rate for blacks dropped from 55.1% in 1959 to 30.3% in 1974 but has risen since then to 34.2% in 1981, with the rate for whites substantially lower; (4) for more than 30 years the unemployment rate for blacks has been double the rate for whites--the rate for blacks in 1984 was 28.4% according to the National Urban League's Hidden Unemployment Index; and (5) for 30 years the educational attainment of blacks has risen, and the number of high school graduates is increasing at a faster rate than for whites even though the white completion rate is higher at 87% than the black rate of 79%. (VM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Blacks, Economic Progress, Economic Status, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Income, Poverty, Racial Bias, Racial Differences, Unemployment, Whites
Point of View, Congressional Black Caucus Foundation, Inc., 1004 Pennsylvania Ave., SE, WAshington, DC 20003 ($6.00 per copy).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congressional Black Caucus, Washington, DC.