ERIC Number: ED284941
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Trends in Educational Achievement. CBO Study.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Congressional Budget Office.
This publication presents assessments of trends in the educational achievement of elementary and secondary school students. In light of the heightened reliance on achievement tests a careful appraisal of recent trends in scores has important ramifications for educational policy. This study assesses test score trends and offers some insights on the strengths and weaknesses of the information they provide. While the 1960s saw a decline in achievement scores in grades five and above the decline was primarily in areas involving higher order skills rather than basic skills. The test score decline ended in the upper elementary grades beginning in the mid-1970s. Achievement has been steadily rising; however, examination of the data raises qustions as to whether these score improvements on some tests have been larger in the more basic skills areas than in areas requiring deeper understanding. Minority students' performance on tests has improved over the past 10 to 15 years and the gap between black and white students' scores has narrowed. Further, Hispanic students have also made gains over the past decade, with the greatest improvement being among Mexican Americans. Finally, scores have improved in characteristically low-achieving urban schools and communities. These and other findings are discussed in detail throughout the body of the report and are supported by extensive statistical tables and charts. (CG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Congressional Budget Office.