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ERIC Number: ED284674
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Socialization, Social Cognitive Factors and the Sibling Relationship.
Howe, Nina
Two separate studies suggest that the development of positive sibling relations may be related to siblings' social-cognitive skills (Stewart & Marvin, 1984) and the nature of mothers' conversations with their children (Dunn & Kendrick, 1982). The purpose of the present study was to provide a synthesis of these two studies and to demonstrate the patterns of their interrelationships. Thirty-two sibling pairs (with siblings aged 14 months and 3-4 years) and their mothers were observed for the quality of the sibling relationship and references by mothers or children to the baby's feelings and thoughts; the older child's caregiving and perspective-taking skills were also measured. Mother references to the child about feelings were associated with child references to the mother, thus supporting Dunn and Kendrick. Child references to the baby, but not mother-child references to each other, were associated with a positive sibling relationship. An association between preschooler's skill at adopting another's perspective and caretaking of the distressed infant (Stewart & Marvin, 1984) was not replicated. However, a positive association was found between caretaking and the baby's distress. Child references to the baby about feelings and thoughts, rather than mother-child references to each other about the baby, were associated with positive sibling behaviors in the Strange Situation and perspective-taking. Results are discussed within a family systems framework. Consideration of the baby's role in defining the nature of family relationships is presented. (Author/PCB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 23-26, 1987).