ERIC Number: ED284669
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Development and Home Environment as Predictors of Children's Attention to Television.
Huston, Aletha C.; And Others
Children's attention to four cartoons was observed in a laboratory session at the end of a two-year longitudinal study of home television viewing. Age (5 or 7), verbal ability (PPVT-R score) and home viewing history were examined as predictors of visual attention. There were no age differences, but PPVT-R scores were positively related to attention. Attention was positively related to a history of viewing informative programs for children and negatively related to a history of viewing adult programs. The results were interpreted as showing that children who live in families with heavy diets of general television programs learn habits of inattention because the television becomes a constant background to family life and because the children are frequently exposed to programming that is beyond their level of comprehension, particularly if their general verbal ability is relatively low. By contrast, children who view informative programs extensively learn habits of paying attention from a diet of programming that is tailored to their levels of comprehension. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (Washington, DC, August 22-26, 1986).