ERIC Number: ED284654
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Children's Recall and Recognition of Sex Role Stereotyped and Discrepant Information.
Trepanier-Street, Mary L.; Kropp, Jerri Jaudon
Two studies were conducted to investigate the influence of differing levels of sex role stereotyped and discrepant information on the immediate and delayed memory of young children. Specifically, kindergarten and 2nd-grade children's recall and recognition of stereotyped, moderately discrepant, and highly discrepant pictures were compared. In Study 1, 60 subjects divided equally by sex and grade sorted 34 color photographs of toys and play activities so that the stereotype level of each item could be determined. Three levels of stereotyping were evident: stereotyped, moderately stereotyped, and neutral. Twelve toys were selected as the basis of memory stimuli for Study 2. Involving 140 students in kindergarten and 2nd grade, Study 2 assessed subjects' immediate and delayed recall and recognition of 12 color photographs of a girl or boy pictured in a stereotypic, moderately discrepant, or highly discrepant play activity. Results suggested significantly better recall of highly discrepant pictures than of stereotyped or moderately discrepant pictures. In addition, immediate recall was better than recall after a delay of 1 week. The ability of 2nd-grade students to recall the pictures was better than that of kindergarten children. Findings on the recognition tasks were similar to those on the recall task. It is concluded that the schematic processing model may explain some of the findings. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 23-26, 1987).