ERIC Number: ED284495
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Impact of Student Instructional Ratings on Quality of Teaching in Higher Education.
Murray, Harry G.
The view that student ratings have contributed to improvement of postsecondary teaching is assessed, based on logical argument and personal observation and research evidence from faculty surveys, field experiments, and longitudinal comparisons. Surveys of faculty attitudes indicate generally positive views on the impact of student ratings on instructional improvement, and provide no support for the claim that student ratings have led to increased use of traditional teacher-centered instruction. Field experiments provide clear evidence that feedback from student ratings produces improvement in perceived teaching effectiveness, particularly if student feedback is supplemented by expert consultation. There is evidence that introducing student ratings in an academic unit can produce significant longitudinal improvement in teaching, particularly if ratings are used in salary, tenure, and promotion decisions. It is argued that, innovation is more common today than it was prior to the advent of student ratings and that highly rated teachers are more likely to use nontraditional methods than are teachers receiving lower ratings. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-25, 1987).