ERIC Number: ED284490
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr-21
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Residents to Teach Medical Students: An Experimental Study.
Edwards, Janine C.; And Others
The question of whether clinical teaching skills could be improved during the first 2 years of postgraduate medical education was studied with 23 residents. Nine of the residents were the control group who received no instruction/feedback. The 14 residents in the experimental group completed a half-day workshop that included lecture and discussion of teaching skills and role-playing. The experimental group residents also made two videotapes of teaching encounters and critiqued their videotapes with supervisors. Residents who did not attend the workshop made two videotapes during the same time period, but received no critique or feedback. Trained raters used videotapes to rate teaching skills of all 23 residents, with attention to: communicating objectives, directing attention during the case presentation, formulating the differential diagnosis, expanding the case, managing the case, giving feedback, learning climate, and overall teaching quality. Resident's clinical teaching skills improved with instruction and feedback but declined after instruction ceased. Periodic reinforcement is recommended to maintain improved teaching skills. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Fund for Medical Education, Cleveland, OH.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-25, 1987).