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ERIC Number: ED284314
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Oral Communication. English Language Arts Concept Paper Number 1.
Martin, Robert
Noting that current students will become citizens of the Information Age, and that much of their social and professional success will depend on their speaking and listening skills, this paper supports the call for required courses in oral communication and proposes components of successful oral communication programs. The introduction describes the current lack of speaking and listening instruction in American schools, and defines five functions of language: controlling, feeling, informing, ritualizing, and imagining. The second section deals with the need for oral communication skills in society, pointing out that oral skills are vital for success in many careers from police work to corporate board rooms, and that oral communication training can also be of benefit at home. The inadequacy of current high school students' oral communication training is highlighted in the third section, while the fourth section recommends practices and behavioral objectives for an overall oral communication program within the categories of (1) specific communication competence skills, (2) awareness of when standard and nonstandard English are appropriate, (3) key curriculum guidelines, (4) ideal learning environment, and (5) teacher training requirements. In the fifth section, characteristics of a strong oral communication program are enumerated, and it is stressed that oral skills activities must be part of the curriculum, appropriate for grade level, reinforced by teachers, and reinforced outside of class as well. Following the conclusion is a 13-item annotated bibliography of oral and listening skills resources. (SKC)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.