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ERIC Number: ED284184
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Comparative Literacy Attainment Behaviors of Non-Literate Adults and Preliterate and Early Literate Children.
Ward, Annita Marie
A study compared the performances of adults who were learning to read with those of two groups of preliterate and second-grade children on selected cognitive tasks and on the display of certain metacognitive understandings. It was hypothesized that if the adults (who could not successfully read a passage from a fourth-grade reader) did as well as the second-grade children (whose reading development was normal for their age group), these adults would then have achieved certain cognitive tasks and metacognitive understandings that researchers believe are conducive to literacy attainment. Subjects, 24 adults, 28 kindergarten students, and 28 second-graders, completed a series of cognitive task assessments. Results showed that the adults scored higher than the kindergarten children on all cognitive task assessments except one, as well as on all three metacognitive assessments. However, they scored lower than the second-grade children on four of the cognitive task assessments. There were no significant differences between the adults' and the second-graders' responses on the metacognitive behaviors test. Results indicated that, although the adults could engage in metacognitive activity that is present only in children who exhibit cognitive clarity about the reading process, these same adults could not accomplish certain reading-related cognitive tasks that a group of second-graders could accomplish. Findings suggest that these nonliterate adults experience cognitive confusion about the reading process that manifests itself as an inability to do certain tasks related to beginning reading. (Tables of data and references are attached.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A