ERIC Number: ED284113
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in the Perception of Injustice or Inequity.
Alexander, Sheldon; And Others
Gilligan (1982) proposed that men and women have different moral ideologies, that men use a logic of rights and rules while women use a logic of care and relationships. Russ and Alexander (1984) found significant sex differences in their research on justice, such that women responded more positively to overreward or more negatively to underreward than did men. Since the Russ and Alexander study used an exchange situation, a study was conducted to determine whether similar effects would occur in a communal situation. Male (N=169) and female (N=184) junior high school, high school, and college students read a scenario in which parents allocated money to their teenage children. There were three equity conditions: overreward, underreward, and just reward. After reading the scenario, subjects completed a questionnaire which included the key dependent variable of perceived fairness of the allocated reward. The results revealed a significant sex x inequity interaction on the measure of perceived fairness. Female subjects perceived overreward as being fairer, and underreward as being more unfair, than did male subjects. These results in a communal situation replicated Russ and Alexander's exchange situation results and are congruent with Gilligan's hypothesis about male-female moral ideologies. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual ADAMHA-MARC Colloquium, (4th, Washington, D.C., April 24-26, 1987). For related documents, see CG 020 044-045.