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ERIC Number: ED284111
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Aug-26
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Procedural and Distributive Justice Effects: The Role of Personal Relationships.
Alexander, Sheldon; And Others
Distributive justice concerns the fairness of outcomes or allocations, while procedural justice refers to the fairness of the rules and processes used in the distribution of outcomes. Previous research which showed procedural justice to be more powerful than distributive justice used a work context in which the allocation recipient had no personal relationship to the respondent. A study was conducted to examine the role of personal relationships in justice situations by introducing conditions where the allocation recipient was self, best friend, acquaintance, or a stranger to the respondent. College students (N=240) read a scenario which described a work situation in which a supervisor allocated a pay increase to an employee recipient. In addition to the four allocation recipient conditions, there were two levels of procedural fairness (PF) and three levels of distributive fairness (DF). Each subject served in only one PF DF Relationship condition. After reading the scenario, each subject completed a questionnaire. The results revealed that: (1) both PF and DF had strong effects; (2) PF had greater impact than did DF; (3) the relationship variable significantly affected four of nine dependent measures; and (4) the relationship variable did not interact with the justice treatments. These findings suggest that, while the relationship variable did influence subjects' responses, it did not modify the effects of procedural and distributive justice. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A