ERIC Number: ED284109
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Present Salary on Resume Evaluations: Sex Discrimination?
Mitchell, Thomas; Henning, Jane
Despite legislative and judicial attempts to remedy sex discrimination in the workplace, women continue to earn 60% less than their male counterparts. One factor that could influence an employer's evaluation of an applicant is the knowledge of that applicant's salary on his or her present job. A study was conducted to determine the influence of an applicant's present salary on the evaluation of his or her qualifications and suitability for hire. Undergraduate business majors (N=80) rated four applicant resumes, each for a different job. Each subject rated two male applicants and two female applicants with either high or low present salary. Subjects evaluated applicants' qualifications and hirability, and awarded a starting salary. The results indicated that, compared to high present-salary applicants, low present-salary applicants were offered less starting salary for all jobs, and were rated as less qualified for engineer and advertising manager jobs. For the engineer job, low present-salary applicants were regarded as less likely than high salary applicants to be successful, and were less likely to be hired. These findings imply a potential for perpetuating sex discrimination and an earning differential between men and women. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (33rd, Atlanta, GA, March 25-28, 1987).