ERIC Number: ED283857
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Toward Intelligent Systems for Testing. Technical Report LSP-1.
Lesgold, Alan; And Others
This report illustrates one way in which the technologies of testing might combine with cognitive science techniques to help steer instruction. Steering testing is brief diagnostic testing that steers, or individualizes, the course of instruction. Steering testing uses simple heuristics for reasoning about the level of a student's competence in a particular subskill and intelligently manufactures practice opportunities that will be especially revealing about the student's current competences. Theoretically, steering testing should permit a partly logical constraining of diagnosis and should be based on a representation of the knowledge needed to exercise the skill it purports to measure. Four types of knowledge, involved in dealing with a student, need clarification when designing computer systems for steering testing: (1) domain expertise; (2) curriculum knowledge; (3) planning knowledge; and (4) treatment knowledge. In addition, a student model, a knowledge structure specifying which subskills a student is thought to know or to not know, is embedded in the curricular goal structure of the system. When a diagnosis is needed, the student model is examined to identify areas of competence about which more information is needed. These areas represent constraints on the type of test item that will be informative. Once the constraints are posted, an intelligent item generator constructs test items that satisfy them. To illustrate these ideas, an intelligent computer-based tutor, with a problem solving mode, that teaches basic electrical principles is discussed. (BS)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.