ERIC Number: ED283576
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Facilitating Degree Achievement by Minorities: The Community College Environment.
Cohen, Arthur M.
When compared with university freshmen, students beginning their collegiate studies in community colleges are less likely to attain the baccalaureate. However, after equating for differences in the students' entering abilities, socio-economic background, employment status, on-campus residence, and pattern of attendance, the difference is slight. Because minority-group students are overrepresented in the two-year colleges--they enroll 34% of all White undergraduates, 39% of Blacks, 53% of Hispanics, and 43% of Asians--any differential in progress is magnified for them. A clear picture of the reasons for the difference in baccalaureate attainment is impossible to draw because of the paucity of consistent information about student aspirations and progress. However, the community college environment could be made more conducive to student progress if college policies were modified so that students were encouraged to attend full time, obtain on-campus employment, and otherwise gain greater involvement with their studies and with the college. State policies and inter-institutional agreements regarding curriculum, academic support services, and financial aids could also enhance transfer rates and thus benefit all the community college matriculants who aspire to the baccalaureate. (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bachelors Degrees, College Role, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Educational Attainment, Educational Policy, Government Role, Minority Groups, Student Characteristics, Student Participation, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Universities
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper prepared for the Conference "From Access to Achievement: Strategies for Urban Institutions" (Los Angeles, CA, November 15-17, 1987).