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ERIC Number: ED283445
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Reasoning-Centered Classroom: Approaches That Work.
Kurfiss, Joanne
AAHE Bulletin, v39 n8 Apr 1987
Creative and successful ways to develop reasoning-centered classrooms are described. An informative testing method, which was developed by Larry Michaelson (University of Oklahoma Division of Management) begins with students taking a quiz and turning in their results. Then they retake the quiz in a permanent group of five or six students who must arrive at a consensus on each item. Group scores have been higher than individual scores, and students report improved problem-solving skills. Another model, Guided Design, developed by Charles Wales (West Virginia University), allows students to work in teams on complex problems, guided by a decision-making model presented in steps by the instructor. Problem-centered small group instruction known as the "ADAPT" program was developed by Robert Fuller (University of Nebraska-Lincoln). Both ADAPT and a spinoff called SOAR use a Piaget-based model called the learning cycle to guide students from concrete, hands-on learning experiences to abstract formulations of principles and their applications. Additional approaches include: programs using collaborative learning; a simulation involving controversy to help improve writing skills; projects that incorporate controversy, writing, and collaborative learning; and using informal writing to enhance learning. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A