ERIC Number: ED283416
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar-24
Leaving College: Rethinking the Causes and Cures of Student Attrition.
The dimensions and consequences of college student attrition and features of institutional action to deal with attrition are discussed. Patterns of student departure from individual colleges as opposed to permanent college withdrawal are addressed. After synthesizing the research on multiple causes of student leaving, a theory of student departure from college is presented based on the work of Emile Durkheim and Arnold Van Gennep. The theory proposes that student departure may serve as a barometer of the social and intellectual health of college life as much as of the students' experiences at the college. The quality of faculty-student interaction and the student's integration into the school are central factors in student attrition. Attention is directed to features of retention programs, including the time of college actions and variations in policy necessary for different types of students and colleges. It is suggested that effective retention lies in the college's commitment to students. The content, structure, and evaluation methods for assessment of student retention and departure are considered, along with the use of assessment information for developing effective retention programs. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, College Environment, College Students, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Research, Higher Education, Intervention, School Holding Power, Student Attrition, Student College Relationship, Theories
University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 ($19.95).
Publication Type: Books; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A