ERIC Number: ED283059
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Short-Term Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to the Treatment of Bulimia.
Oakley, Suzanne J.
Although long-term treatments have successfully reduced or eliminated the binging and purging of bulimia patients, there is a critical need for effective short-term treatments since many bulimics are college students who are not available for lengthy treatment. Seven female university students participated in an eight session individual cognitive-behavioral treatment designed to decrease the frequency of binge-purge episodes. The treatment focused on helping bulimics relax rigid controls over their eating and increase self-acceptance of their physical selves. Measures of restraint, body dissatisfaction, and frequency of binging and purging were employed to assess intervention effects. Repeated measures of these variables were taken and their course was plotted across the baseline, intervention, and one-month follow-up phases. At posttreatment there was a significant decrease in binging per week. By follow-up six subjects reported no binges. There was no statistically significant decrease in purging at either posttreatment or follow-up. At one-month follow-up, there was a significant decrease in restrained eating and body dissatisfaction. Intense concerns with weight, body shape, and dieting appear to persist after an improvement in frequency of binging and purging. At one-year follow-up, subjects continued to improve in eating behaviors and attitudes about weight and dieting: five subjects reported no binging for the month prior to the follow-up; none reported purging behavior. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting on Anorexia and Bulimia (5th, New York, NY, November 8-9, 1986).