ERIC Number: ED282949
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Mar-10
Bilingual Education: A New Look at the Research Evidence. GAO Briefing Report to the Chairman, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
This report presents the findings of a study which assessed the validity of statements made by officials of the Department of Education supporting their policy position that a requirement of native-language teaching be dropped from the current Bilingual Education Act. In response to the officials' claim that research in this area is inconclusive, the study analyzed judgments on that issue provided by a panel of ten experts. The report consists of three major sections. The first section provides information on bilingual activities funded by current law, describes proposed changes in the Bilingual Education Act, and explains study methodology. Section 2 presents findings on the native language requirement and the learning of English and other subjects, and discusses the experts' views on the merits of alternative approaches, long-term education outcomes, and targeted versus generalized answers about teaching students of limited English proficiency. Section 3 reviews the Department of Education's response to an earlier draft of this report. A majority of the experts believed that the department is incorrect in claiming: (1) that there is insufficient evidence to support the law's present requirement; (2) that evidence supports the promise of teaching methods that do not use native languages; and (3) that there was inadequate evidence to permit them to reach a conclusion about the research basis for the legal requirement. Four appendices present: (1) objective, scope and methodology; (2) survey instrument; (3) experts surveyed; and (4) comments from the Department of Education. (KH)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Language of Instruction, Limited English Speaking, Native Language Instruction, Research Utilization
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (1-5 copies, free; additional copies $2.00 ea., 25% discount on 100 or more copies mailed to a single address).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bilingual Education Act 1968