ERIC Number: ED282810
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Artist Employment and Unemployment, 1971-1980.
National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC. Research Div.
This report covers the changes in the employment and unemployment of artists from 1971 to 1980, as reported in the Current Population Survey (CPS). The term artist includes people in the following occupations: actors, architects, authors, dancers, designers, musicians and composers, painters and sculptors, photographers, radio and television announcers, and teachers of art, drama, and music in higher education. As of 1980 there were over a million persons in the artistic labor force. From 1971 to 1980 that specific labor force grew by 323,000 or 46%. Authors increased their numbers at the highest rate, while radio and television announcers were the only artists whose numbers declined. Painters/sculptors and designers were the largest artist occupation group. One-third of the artist labor force was female. Dancers and painters/sculptors were the only two occupations which had a majority of females. Although unemployment rates for artists were generally lower at the end of the decade than at the beginning, unemployment among artists was higher than among all other professional and technical workers. The most chronic artist unemployment existed among actors, with rates during the decade ranging between 31% and 48%. As many as 10,000 actors were out of work, which was about nine times greater than the average for other artists' occupations. Over 20 tables and figures illustrate the findings. Appendices include detailed tables as well as notes on the reliability of the CPS statistics and on the CPS as a source of artist occupation data. (APG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC. Research Div.
Note: For related documents, see ED 165 216 and ED 281 821.