ERIC Number: ED282662
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Patterns of Early Family Socialization and the Development of Verbal Skills: A Longitudinal Approach.
Early socialization within the family and its differential effects on the development of verbal intelligence skills were the subjects of this longitudinal study. Fifteen families with one child between one and three years old and a second child born at the beginning of the investigation took part in a longitudinal study covering a seven-year period. All families were observed in their homes for a two-year period after the arrival of a second child. When the second children were five and seven years old, intelligence tests were administered to them. Four families whose children obtained verbal IQ (VIQ) scores higher than 125 were contrasted with four families having children with a score under 110. Log-linear analyses of cross-classified frequencies of family socialization characteristics revealed differences in early socialization practices between the two groups of families. The mothers in the low VIQ group exhibited more situation control toward their second children. In contrast, children in the high VIQ group displayed a more independent goal orientation when turning toward their mothers than did children in the low group. The fathers in the high group seemed to participate more in socialization activities than fathers in the low group. Finally, the high group displayed a more balanced course of parental socialization activity over time than did the low group. (BN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 23-26, 1987). Some figures contain small print.